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从2005高考题看What的运用

作者: admin 分类: 英语论文 发布时间: 2017-05-18 07:20 ė82次浏览 6评论关闭

2005年山东英语高考试题中有如下一道试题:

  26. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _______ he thought was not enough.

  A. where B. how

  C. what D. which

  此题考查了what引导的宾语从句的用法,what在从句中作主语,

从2005高考题看What的运用


所以正确答案为C。what的用法是近几年高考的热点和难点。常见用法如下:

  一、 what用作关系代词,也即连接代词,引导名词性从句, 可以作主语、宾语、定语

  1. 引导主语从句

  例1 What made the school proud was that more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. 使学校骄傲的是90%的学生被重点大学录取。

  例2 What makes the matter worse is that it begins to rain. 更糟糕的是开始下起雨来了。

  2. 引导表语从句

  例3 —Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game ?

  —Oh, that’s what makes me feel excited.

  例4 The city is not what it used to be. 这个城市不再是先前的模样了,

  3. 引导宾语从句

  例5 A man’s worth lays not so much in what he has as in what he is. 人的价值不在于他有什么,而在于他是怎样的人。

  例6 After what seemed like hours he came out with a bitter smile. 好像过了几个小时以后,他面带苦笑走了出来。

  二、 what 用作关系形容词,作定语。意为“所…… 的全部,任何的”;与little、few 连用时,其含义多为“虽然少,但把所有的都…… ”

  例7 The home improvements have taken what little there is of my spare time. 家庭环境的改善占去了我仅有的一点业余时间。

  例8 Don’t worry. I will give you what help I can. 别担心,我一定尽我所能帮你。

  例9 I will lend you what few reference books I can spare. 我愿把我用不着的虽然为数不多的参考书全部借给你。

  三、 what惯用句式:A is to B what C is to D (比喻结构)A对B之关系犹如C对D之关系

  例10 Air is to us what water is to fish. 空气对于我们犹如水对于鱼。

  例11 What salt is to the food, wit and humour a

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